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Products >> DAC Universal handpiece autoclave

The DAC Universal handpiece autoclave allows practices to clean, lubricate and sterilise up to six turbines, straight or contra-angled handpieces from any manufacturer in just 12 minutes.
Using two steps ? cold cleaning (pulse wash) and hot cleaning, the DAC Universal helps reduce repairs and extend the working life of handpieces. First any debris or biofilm is removed, even from the internal channels of contra-angled handpieces which are difficult to clean manually. Then automatic lubrication takes place. Finally one of three sterilisation programmes is activated.
The autoclave comes with a sensor which detects water quality and an optional printer which documents the time, temperature, serial number and sterilisation cycle.

Manufacturer: Sident Dental Systems

See also: Dental Handpiece Repair Services

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Dental bioaerosol as an occupational hazard in a dentist's workplace.

Ann Agric Environ Med. 2007 Dec;14(2):203-7

Authors: Szymańska J

Many-year studies on aerosols as an infection vector, despite their wide range, ignored dental aerosol. All procedures performed with the use of dental unit handpieces cause the formation of aerosol and splatter which are commonly contaminated with bacteria, viruses, fungi, often also with blood. Aerosols are liquid and solid particles, 50 microm or less in diameter, suspended in air. Splatter is usually described as a mixture of air, water and/or solid substances; water droplets in splatter are from 50 microm to several millimetres in diameter and are visible to the naked eye. The most intensive aerosol and splatter emission occurs during the work of an ultrasonic scaler tip and a bur on a high-speed handpiece. Air-water aerosol produced during dental treatment procedures emerges from a patient's mouth and mixes with the surrounding air, thus influencing its composition. Because air contained in this space is the air breathed by both dentist and patient, its composition is extremely important as a potential threat to the dentist's health. According to the author, insufficient awareness of health risk, working habits, and economic factors are the reasons why dentists do not apply the available and recommended methods of protection against the influence of bioaerosol and splatter. Behaviour protecting a dentist and an assistant from the threat resulting from the influence of dental aerosol cannot be limited to isolated actions. The author, on the basis of the literature and own research, characterizes bioaerosol and splatter in a dental surgery and reviews a full range of protective measures against these risk factors.

PMID: 18247451 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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The in vivo contamination of air-driven low-speed handpieces with prophylaxis angles.

J Am Dent Assoc. 2007 Oct;138(10):1360-5; quiz 1383

Authors: Herd S, Chin J, Palenik CJ, Ofner S

BACKGROUND: The authors conducted an in vivo study to determine if low-speed handpiece motors can become contaminated with oral flora when used with prophylaxis angles. METHODS: This crossover study involved 20 subjects, two types of handpieces and three prophylaxis angles. The authors used each handpiece/prophylaxis angle system to polish teeth. They then collected samples, spiral-plated the specimens and incubated them at 37 degrees C anaerobically and aerobically (with 5 percent carbon dioxide). After incubation, the authors examined the plates for the presence of bacterial colonies. RESULTS: At least 75 percent of the handpiece/prophylaxis angle systems used on the 20 subjects had bacterial contamination for at least one cultured area. Of the 420 specimens, 258 (61.4 percent) produced bacterial growth. Contamination varied from zero to 6,300 colony-forming units per milliliter. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that the internal surfaces of low-speed handpieces can become microbially contaminated during use with prophylaxis angles. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Unless low-speed handpieces are sterilized properly after each use, they pose a risk for crossinfection.

PMID: 17908851 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Lawsuit against a dentist related to serious ocular infection possibly linked to water from a dental handpiece.

J Can Dent Assoc. 2007 Sep;73(7):618-22

Authors: Barbeau J

This case report highlights the risks that may be associated with amoebae in the water of a dental unit. A woman with contact lenses visited her dentist for replacement of a bridge. During the treatment, a stream of water was directed from the handpiece into her right eye. Because of subsequent pain in the eye, the patient consulted several ophthalmologists, who discovered abrasive lesions of the cornea and inflammation. Despite antibacterial and anti-inflammatory treatments, the patient"s visual acuity declined gradually over a period of several days. A microbiological examination nearly 2 months later revealed amoebae in corneal samples. A lawsuit against the dentist was initiated. Although a causal relation with the dental treatment was rejected by the judge in this case, high numbers of amoebae in the water of dental units can present a risk if a patient with pre-existing corneal lesions is splashed. According to the precautionary principle, complete evidence of risk does not have to exist to institute measures to protect individuals and society from that risk. This case reinforces the importance of having patients wear safety glasses during dental treatments and of dental personnel draining the waterlines of dental units, as recommended by the Canadian Dental Association.

PMID: 17868512 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Occupational exposures and infection control among students in Nigerian dental schools.

Odontostomatol Trop. 2006 Dec;29(116):35-40

Authors: Utomi IL

OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of occupational exposures to body fluids and infection control practices among students in Nigerian dental schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire survey of 112 students from three Nigerian dental schools. RESULTS: 57 (50.9%) of the students had experienced one or more occupational exposures in the previous six months. There was no statistically significant association between year group and reported number of exposures (p > 0,05). There was also no statistically significant association between sex and reported number of exposures (p > 0.05). 50.7% of the exposures were percutaneous injuries, 26.1% splatter of saliva and 23.2% splatter of aerosol. Percutaneous injuries were most frequently caused by scalers (42.9%) and needlesticks (37.1%) Most incidents occurred during scaling (37.7%),use of dental handpiece (21.7%) and cleaning of instruments (18.8%). 96.4% of the exposures were not reported. Only 36.6% of the students were immunized against Hepatitis B. None of those immunized had been post-screened for seroconversion. The routine use of gloves, masks and protective eyewear was reported by 87.5%, 65.5% and 17% of students respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates a high rate of exposure to body fluids and low compliance with infection control guidelines. There is a need for interventions to improve safe work practices, hepatitis B vaccination, HBV post-immunization serology and use of protective barriers. Also appropriate policies and procedures are needed for reporting and managing exposures.

PMID: 17269259 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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In response to 'Facial herpes simplex infection from possible cross contamination through the laser handpiece following cutaneous laser resurfacing'.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2006;59(12):1470

Authors: Tollan CJ, Sivarajan V

PMID: 17113548 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Internal contamination of air-driven low-speed handpieces and attached prophy angles.

J Am Dent Assoc. 2006 Sep;137(9):1275-80

Authors: Chin JR, Miller CH, Palenik CJ

BACKGROUND: In an in vitro crossover study, the authors investigated whether the interior of low-speed handpiece/prophy-angle systems becomes contaminated during operation and submersion into Geobacillus stearothermophilus. METHODS: This study involved two types of handpieces attached to eight brands of prophy angles. The researchers operated angles attached to sterile handpieces for 60 seconds. They then analyzed the inside surfaces of the angle, nosecone and motor. They tested each prophy angle and handpiece 10 times. RESULTS: In the 160 tests of handpieces contaminated at the prophy cup end, the spores traveled into the motor gears 32 times (20 percent). In the other 160 tests in which the motor gears were contaminated, the test bacterium traveled through the prophy cup in 75 instances (47 percent). CONCLUSIONS: The in vitro data suggest that low-speed handpiece motors can become contaminated internally during use with prophy angles. Also, internal contaminants appear to have been released from the handpiece. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The results suggest that low-speed hand-pieces can become contaminated internally during use. Unless low-speed handpieces are sterilized properly between patients, they may become cross-contaminated.

PMID: 16946433 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Comparing cutting efficiencies of diamond burs using a high-speed electric handpiece.

Gen Dent. 2006 Jul-Aug;54(4):254-7

Authors: Chung EM, Sung EC, Wu B, Caputo AA

This study sought to compare the cutting efficiency of different diamond burs on initial use as well as during repeated use, alternating with sterilization. Long, round-end, tapered diamond burs with similar diameter, profile, and diamond coarseness (125-150 microm grit) were used. A high-torque, high-speed electric handpiece (set at 200,000 rpm) was utilized with a coolant flow rate of 25 mL/min. Burs were tested under a constant load of 170 g while cuts were made on a machinable ceramic substrate block. Each bur was subjected to five consecutive cuts for 30 seconds of continuous operation and the cutting depths were measured. All burs performed similarly on the first cut. Cutting efficiencies for three of the bur groups decreased significantly after the first cycle; however, by the fifth cycle, all bur groups performed similarly without any significant differences (p > 0.05). A scanning electron microscope revealed significant crystal loss after each use.

PMID: 16903197 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Exposure to airborne fungi during conservative dental treatment.

Ann Agric Environ Med. 2006;13(1):177-9

Authors: Szymańska J

The aim of the study was a mycological assessment of bioaerosol forming during conservative dental treatment, taking into account concentration and type of fungal microflora, and evaluation of the influence of DUWL disinfecting protocol on the fungal contamination of the bioaerosol. The research was conducted on 25 operative sites located in public dental clinics. The air contained in the space between a patient and a dentist during conservative dental treatment with the use of a high-speed handpiece was examined. Air samples were taken using the portable RCS PLUS Air Sampler (BIOTEST AG, Dreieich, Germany) and ready-to-use agar YM Strips for yeast and mould fungi culture. The volume of the sampled air was 100 litres. Before disinfection, the concentration of fungi in the collected air samples at individual operative sites ranged from 4 x 10(1) cfu/m3 to 34 x 10(1) cfu/m3. The most common species was Penicillium herquei (62.17% of the total count), followed by other fungi: Alternaria alternata - 12.68%, Penicillium roseopurpureum - 9.41%, Rhizopus nigricans - 5.93%, Aspergillus terreus - 3.89%, Geotrichum candidum - 2.25%, Aspergillus glaucus group - 2.04%, Cladosporium cladosporoides - 1.23% and Penicillium diversum - 0.41%. The concentration of Penicillium herquei at individual operative sites ranged from 0 to 34 x 10(1) cfu/m3, mean 121.6 cfu/m3, Penicillium roseopurpureum - from 0 to 11 x 10(1) cfu/m3, mean 18.4 cfu/m3 and Alternaria alternata - from 0 to 18 x 10(1) cfu/m3, mean 24.8 cfu/m3. After disinfection, like before disinfection procedures, the prevailing species of fungi were: Penicillium herquei, Penicillium reseopurpureum and Alternaria alternata, which amounted to 62.6%, 18.28% and 11.36% of the isolated fungi, respectively. The recorded levels of total airborne fungi were lower after DUWL disinfection compared to those before disinfection.

PMID: 16841889 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Endotoxin level as a potential marker of concentration of Gram-negative bacteria in water effluent from dental units and in dental aerosols.

Ann Agric Environ Med. 2005;12(2):229-32

Authors: Szymańska J

Gram-negative bacteria concentration in water effluent from a dental unit, and in dental aerosol forming during the work of a dental handpiece, was assessed. The study was conducted on 25 dental units before and after a 2-week period of using a disinfecntant for water in dental units waterlines (DUWL). The contamination of water with Gram-negative bacteria before disinfection was 18-398 x 10(3) cfu/ml, and after disinfection, bacteria were not found. The concentration of Gram-negative bacteria in the air before disinfection was 0-23 x 10(1) cfu/m(3), and after disinfection - 0-8 x 10(1) cfu/m(3). Simultaneously, the water and air were sampled to determine bacterial endotoxin. The statistical analysis did not show correlation between endotoxin concentration and Gram-negative bacteria concentration for the water before disinfection, and for the air before and after disinfection of DUWL water. Because the number of bacteria in the water after disinfection dropped to zero, statistical methods could not be used. The performed analysis suggests that bacterial endotoxin concentration is not indicative of Gram-negative bacteria contamination. Thus, bacterial endotoxin determination is not recommended as a method of monitoring the microbiological quality of DUWL water and dental aerosols.

PMID: 16457478 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Extend the life of your handpiece: maintenance & sterilization tips.

Dent Assist. 2005 Nov-Dec;74(6):10-1

Authors: Hayes J

PMID: 16447462 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Failure of anti-retraction valves and the procedure for between patient flushing: a rationale for chemical control of dental unit waterline contamination.

Am J Dent. 2005 Aug;18(4):270-4

Authors: Montebugnoli L, Dolci G, Spratt DA, Puttaiah R

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of anti-retraction valves; and to compare between-patient flushing with water and with using a chemical treatment to control patient-to-patient contamination through dental unit waterlines (DUWL). METHODS: For the first aim, nine new antiretraction valves from three different manufacturers were utilized. Each valve was installed along the water line connecting the high-speed handpiece to the dental unit. The handpieces were made to run and stop in a container filled with a solution of about 7 log10/mL of Bacillus subtilis spores (used as a marker) and retraction of spores was measured. Subsequently, all nine valves were installed in dental units in use in private offices, and all tests repeated after 15, 30 and 60 working days. For the second aim, the efficacy of mechanical flushing (30 seconds for each instrument) was compared with that of mechanical flushing in combination with pressurized air and of a between-patient disinfecting procedure (2 minutes contact with TAED and persalt utilizing an "autosteril" system). Before each test (10 tests for each procedure), known concentrations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853) suspension (4 to 7 log10cfu/mL) was loaded in the DUWL and let sit for 20 minutes. RESULTS: In the anti-retraction valve experiment, at baseline only one anti-retraction valve showed a failure in opposing fluid retraction. After 15 days, three valves, after 30 days, six valves, and after 60 days, eight valves showed failure. In the flushing experiment, a highly significant linear correlation (r =.9178) was found between values before and after mechanical flushing. Post flush log10cfu/mL values showed the removal of about only 1 log10cfu/mL of the microorganisms (only about 10% in absolute counts). On the other hand, no cfu/mL was detected in waterlines after the "autosteril" disinfecting cycles.

PMID: 16296436 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Evaluation of mycological contamination of dental unit waterlines.

Ann Agric Environ Med. 2005;12(1):153-5

Authors: Szymańska J

The quality of dental unit water is of great importance since patients and dental staff are regularly exposed to water from aerosols generated during work. The main purpose of this investigation was mycological evaluation of dental unit waterlines (DUWL). The author determined the number and species of fungi present in the water from a unit reservoir which is the source of water for a dental unit, in the water flowing from a high-speed handpiece of a unit, and in the swab sample collected from the wall of a waterline connecting a unit reservoir and dental handpieces. The following mould fungi were identified: Aspergillus amstelodami, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus spp. from Aspergillus glaucus group, Aspergillus repens, Citromyces spp., Geotrichum candidum, Penicillium aspergilliforme, Penicillium pusillum, Penicillium turolense, Sclerotium sclerotiorum; yeast-like fungi: Candida albicans, Candida curvata and other yeasts. Some of them, in certain circumstances, especially in people with immunological disorders, may be a cause of opportunistic infections. Thus, it is necessary that the DUWL should be submitted to a decontamination protocol and to routine microbial monitoring to guarantee an appropriate quality of water used in dental treatment.

PMID: 16028882 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Inhibitory effect of PVDF tubes on biofilm formation in dental unit waterlines.

Dent Mater. 2005 Aug;21(8):780-6

Authors: Yabune T, Imazato S, Ebisu S

OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that dental unit waterlines (DUWLs) are contaminated with bacterial biofilm, and that water discharged from a DUWL contains bacteria that might be opportunistic pathogens. This study aimed to investigate the ability of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) tubing to inhibit bacterial contamination in DUWLs. METHODS: Newly installed dental units were equipped with either a conventional polyurethane tube (unit A) or a PVDF tube (unit B), and the numbers of bacteria discharged from high- and low-speed handpiece lines were counted using R2A agar plates. Bacterial attachment on surfaces was observed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) up to 185 days. Bacterial outflow during 1-day clinical service from a DUWL after 1-year usage was also examined. The surface free energy of each tube was determined based on the measurement of contact angles. RESULTS: The number of bacteria discharged from unit B was lower than from unit A at 80 days and thereafter. SEM examination demonstrated that the unit A tube was covered by biofilm constituting rods and filaments after 94 days, while no biofilm was observed in the unit B tube even after 185 days. After 1-year of usage, the unit B released significantly less bacteria than the unit A at every sampling period of 1-day clinic work. Surface free energies, calculated from contact angles measured, of PVDF and polyurethane tubes were 37.7 and 77.8, respectively. SIGNIFICANCE: The present results indicate that PVDF tubes, which have lower surface free energy than the conventional tubes, were effective in inhibiting biofilm formation and reducing bacterial outflow from DUWLs.

PMID: 16026668 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Contemporary dental practice in the UK: demographic data and practising arrangements.

Br Dent J. 2005 Jan 8;198(1):39-43; discussion 27

Authors: Burke FJ, Wilson NH, Christensen GJ, Cheung SW, Brunton PA

OBJECTIVES: To investigate, by questionnaire, various aspects of primary dental care provision in the North West of England and Scotland. METHOD: A questionnaire containing 79 questions was sent to 1,000 practitioners, selected at random, in the North West of England and Scotland. Non-responders were sent another questionnaire after a period of 4 weeks had elapsed. RESULTS: Overall a response rate of 70% was achieved. The majority of practitioners were practice principals (65%), working in a group NHS practice (80%) located in a city or town centre (49%). On average 10-20 patients were treated each session with fewer patients treated per session under private arrangements. Many practitioners were found to lack hygienist support (44%) and to employ unqualified dental nurses (82%). Younger practitioners were more likely than senior colleagues to have access to up-to-date computers whilst 37% and 74% of respondents never used CAL programmes or magnification respectively. Contemporary cross-infection control standards were used by the majority of practitioners, although 3% of practitioners reported only autoclaving their handpiece once a day. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of practitioners, involved in this study, worked under National Health Service (NHS) regulations as principals in a group practice where the workload was greater than the private/independent sector. Contemporary cross-infection procedures were used routinely. In contrast computer-aided learning programmes and magnification were not used routinely. The practitioners in this study employed significant numbers of unqualified dental nurses.

PMID: 15716892 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Basic infection control procedures in dental practice in Khartoum-Sudan.

Int Dent J. 2004 Dec;54(6):413-7

Authors: Elkarim IA, Abdulla ZA, Yahia NA, Al Qudah A, Ibrahim YE

OBJECTIVES: To survey the infection control procedures used by dental practitioners in Khartoum, Sudan. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to150 randomly sampled dentists practising in Khartoum state. Each questionnaire comprised 17 questions about basic infection control procedures. RESULTS: A 100% response rate to the questionnaire showed that 92% of dentists routinely wore gloves when treating patients, 50% face masks, 61% a gown and 14.7% protective eye wear. Furthermore 52% of the practitioners had been immunised against Hepatitis B. The majority of practitioners (72%) used dry heat as their method of instrument sterilisation, 22% used an autoclave, 2% used boiling water and the remainder used chemical sterilisation. Safe disposal of clinical waste was undertaken by only 23% of dentists although 47% of practitioners stored sharp items in closed containers. All respondents used disposable dental needles, but only a few used other disposable items. There was a significant difference in the implementation of cross infection control procedures between salaried and private dental practitioners, especially with regard to handpiece sterilisation, use of disposables, the wearing of face masks and the availability of additional sets of instruments. CONCLUSION: There is a clear need to improve the existing situation particularly with regard to immunisation of dentists against Hepatitis B, the safe disposal of clinical waste and instrument sterilisation in Khartoum.

PMID: 15633496 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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